Capital Accumulation and the Sources of Demographic Change
"We develop and study a neoclassical growth model having a realistic demographic structure. Our model complements recent developments in the overlapping generations (OLG) literature by highlighting the natural link that exists between different classes of macrodynamic models and the underlying demographic structures. Within the model we show that there exists an overlooked equilibrium in which demographic factors play a minor role. In numerical simulations we show that the economic impact of a change in the population growth rate differs dramatically depending on whether the change was induced by a change in the birth rate, the mortality rate or a combination of the two."